Recombinant anti-Mullerian hormone treatment attenuates primordial follicle loss after ovarian cryopreservation and transplantation

J Assist Reprod Genet. 2023 May;40(5):1117-1134. doi: 10.1007/s10815-023-02754-7. Epub 2023 Mar 1.


Purpose: The foremost drawback of ovarian tissue cryopreservation and re-transplantation (OTCT) technique is the rapid loss of the primordial follicle (PF) pool. In recent studies, we have demonstrated that post-transplantation burnout of the PFs occurs due to the altered expression of the activatory and inhibitory proteins that control PF reserve, and rapamycin prevented it.

Methods: Here, we investigated whether anti-Mullerian hormone administration in the bilateral oophorectomy and transplantation group and internal AMH in the unilateral oophorectomy and transplantation group protect follicle reserve by regulating the expression of the molecules that control follicle growth after OTCT in mice.

Results: After 14 days of OTCT, PF reserve is significantly reduced in both unilateral oophorectomy and transplantation and bilateral oophorectomy and transplantation groups, while anti-Mullerian hormone treatment attenuates PF loss after bilateral oophorectomy and transplantation. The expression of KitL, Bmp-15, and p27 decreased after unilateral oophorectomy and transplantation and bilateral oophorectomy and transplantation, yet recombinant anti-Mullerian hormone treatment did not restore the expression of these proteins in the BLO-T group.

Conclusion: Exogenous recombinant anti-Mullerian hormone administration in the BLO-T group preserved the expressions of Tsc1 and Gdf-9 in PF and p-s6k and Gdf-9 in growing follicles after OTCT. Nonetheless, recombinant anti-Mullerian hormone administration did not affect granulosa cell proliferation and death rates in the growing follicles. These findings suggest a novel hormonal replacement strategy for fertility preservation by restoring anti-Mullerian hormone to regulate Tsc1 and p-s6k, thereby linking this hormone with the mTOR pathway and Gdf-9 signaling.

Keywords: AMH; Ovarian tissue cryopreservation/transplantation; Primordial follicle loss; Unilateral/bilateral oophorectomy; mTOR; p27.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Mullerian Hormone* / metabolism
  • Cryopreservation
  • Female
  • Growth Differentiation Factor 9* / genetics
  • Growth Differentiation Factor 9* / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Ovarian Follicle
  • Ovary / metabolism


  • Anti-Mullerian Hormone
  • Growth Differentiation Factor 9