Transient toxicity of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose in mammalian cells: concise communication

J Nucl Med. 1983 Nov;24(11):1055-9.


The kinetics of uptake and toxicity of the positron emitter F-18 have been examined in a cultured cell line. 2-Deoxy-2[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (18FDG) concentrated rapidly within Chinese hamster V79 cells, and the uptake was linear with the extracellular radioactive concentrations. Whereas 18FDG synthesized 2 hr before the incubation did not appear to be toxic, that synthesized 5 hr previously was highly toxic. Toxicity was transient and independent of both the extracellular/intracellular radioactive concentration and the energy released from the decay of fluorine-18. Similarly synthesized nonradioactive FDG and Na 18F were not toxic under comparable experimental conditions. We conclude that this transient toxicity is due to an unidentified chemical species that is cytocidal following intracellular localization. These toxic levels are not likely to be achieved in the clinical use of 18FDG due to dilution factors that are orders of magnitude greater than those used in these in vitro studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cells, Cultured / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured / radiation effects
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Deoxy Sugars / toxicity*
  • Deoxyglucose / analogs & derivatives
  • Deoxyglucose / metabolism
  • Deoxyglucose / toxicity*
  • Fluorine*
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Radioisotopes*
  • Time Factors


  • Deoxy Sugars
  • Radioisotopes
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Fluorine
  • Deoxyglucose