The comparative phytochemistry of the genus Erythroxylon

J Ethnopharmacol. 1981 Mar-May;3(2-3):265-77. doi: 10.1016/0378-8741(81)90057-x.


Recent research suggests that, in addition to the well-documented occurrence of significant quantities of cocaine and related alkaloids in a limited number of species, the genus Erythroxylon will prove to be a rich source of tropane alkaloids. These bases are esters of a range of acids with tropine, 3 alpha, 6 beta-dihydroxytropane and 3 alpha, 6 beta, 7 beta-trihydroxytropane; the numbers are further increased by nor-derivatives, and stereoisomerism involving the C-3 hydroxyl of the tropane skeleton. The diterpenes of the genus also appear worthy of further study.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Alkaloids / analysis
  • Alkaloids / pharmacology
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Coca / analysis*
  • Diterpenes / analysis
  • Plants, Medicinal*


  • Alkaloids
  • Diterpenes