ACAT inhibitors CL 283,546 and CL 283,796 reduce LDL cholesterol without affecting cholesterol absorption in African green monkeys

J Lipid Res. 1995 Jun;36(6):1199-210.


Previous studies with a number of selective acylcoenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) inhibitors in several animal models have demonstrated significant reductions in plasma cholesterol and, in some studies, triglyceride levels. This study was conducted to examine the effects of two ACAT inhibitors, CL 283,546 and CL 283,796, in cholesterol-high fat diet fed African green monkeys, a relevant primate model of hyperlipidemia and coronary artery atherosclerosis. Treatment with CL 283,546 or CL 283,796 resulted in significant reductions (ca. 25-30%) in total plasma cholesterol at both 10 and 30 mg/kg per day doses. This reduction in plasma cholesterol was due almost entirely to reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (ca. 45%) without significantly affecting high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein + intermediate density lipoprotein (VLDL + IDL) cholesterol, or triglyceride concentrations. There were no significant effects on plasma concentrations of apolipoproteins A-I, E, or B and, thus, the reduction seen in LDL cholesterol appears to be due to a diminished cholesterol content of LDL particles. Our studies revealed that treatment with these compounds did not reduce cholesterol absorption, which was somewhat surprising as ACAT inhibitors are generally thought to exert their hypolipidemic effects, at least in part, by inhibition of intestinal cholesterol absorption. Our data are consistent with a principal activity of these drugs on the liver to reduce cholesteryl ester secretion in VLDL, leading to a diminished LDL-cholesterol content, and, presumably, enhanced biliary cholesterol-bile acid excretion.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apolipoprotein A-I / metabolism
  • Apolipoproteins B / blood
  • Apolipoproteins E / blood
  • Body Weight
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cholesterol / metabolism*
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood*
  • Female
  • Intestinal Absorption / drug effects*
  • Lipoproteins / blood
  • Male
  • Phenylurea Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Sterol O-Acyltransferase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • Apolipoproteins B
  • Apolipoproteins E
  • CL 283,546
  • CL 283,796
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Lipoproteins
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol
  • Sterol O-Acyltransferase