[Application of the high resolution chromosomic technic in patients in high risk of cytogenetic anomalies]

Invest Clin. 1994 Dec;35(4):183-93.
[Article in Spanish]


Since the beginning of cytogenetics, there has been a constant improvement of chromosomal culture and banding techniques. In 1976, Yunis described a high chromosomal resolution technique (HRC), that permits the detection of subtle chromosomal abnormalities. The present work, reports the results obtained when HRC was applied to the study of chromosomal abnormalities in patients with high risk of such. The study comprised 434 specimens of venous blood and 182 bone marrow aspirates. The samples were classified according to the presuntive diagnoses. The highest frequency of chromosomal abnormalities, was found in blood samples from patients with physical deformities with or without mental retardation (22.22%), followed by mental retardation autism and/or fragile X chromosome (13.66%), and in couples with reproductive disorders (5.8%). In bone marrow, the most frequent abnormalities corresponded to patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (78.43%), acute lymphocytic leukemia (62.10%), acute myeloide leukemia (61.9%), myelodisplastic syndromes (43.7%) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (14.2%). The present results stress the need to apply the HRC technique when the probability of minute chromosomal abnormalities is high.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Aberrations / epidemiology*
  • Chromosome Aberrations / genetics
  • Chromosome Disorders
  • DNA Probes*
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Risk Factors


  • DNA Probes