Human eosinophil peroxidase enhances tumor necrosis factor and hydrogen peroxide release by human monocyte-derived macrophages

Eur J Immunol. 1995 May;25(5):1366-73. doi: 10.1002/eji.1830250535.


Inhibition of growth or eradication of experimentally induced tumors has been shown to be accompanied by infiltration of eosinophils and macrophages into the tumor mass. Since macrophages are important mediators of host antitumor activity, the possibility arises that a collaboration may exist between these two cell types in the control of tumor growth. In this study, we report the effect of eosinophil peroxidase (EPO), a basic protein contained in eosinophils that binds to several cell types including macrophages, on tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production and hydrogen peroxide release by human monocyte-derived macrophages. After incubation with EPO, the macrophages produced large amounts of TNF and displayed an enhanced phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-triggered hydrogen peroxide release. These effects were accompanied by an increased cell protein content and by morphologic changes leading the large, round macrophages of the control cultures to become elongated, pear-like or spindle shaped cells after treatment with EPO. The stimulatory effect of EPO on hydrogen peroxide release was insensitive to addition of exogenous catalase, a H2O2-degrading enzyme, suggesting that an extracellular catalytic activity of EPO was not involved. In addition, myeloperoxidase, the homologous peroxidase of neutrophils with a catalytic activity similar to that of EPO, was ineffective. The EPO-induced effects differed in several aspects from the effects of lipopolysaccaride and interferon-gamma, two well-known macrophage activators. These findings provide supportive evidence for a functional interrelationship between eosinophils and macrophages that may be physiologically relevant in the tumoricidal activity of macrophages.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Catalase / pharmacology
  • Cell Size
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Eosinophil Peroxidase
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / metabolism*
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell / pathology
  • Macrophage Activation / drug effects*
  • Macrophages / drug effects*
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Macrophages / ultrastructure
  • Mice
  • Monocytes / cytology
  • Monocytes / drug effects*
  • Peroxidase / pharmacology
  • Peroxidases / pharmacology*
  • Polymyxin B / pharmacology
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism*


  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Interferon-gamma
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Eosinophil Peroxidase
  • Peroxidases
  • Catalase
  • Peroxidase
  • Polymyxin B
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate