Cue-elicited cocaine craving and autogenic relaxation. Association with treatment outcome

J Subst Abuse Treat. 1994 Nov-Dec;11(6):549-52. doi: 10.1016/0740-5472(94)90006-x.


Prior to entering a pharmacotherapy trial for the treatment of cocaine dependence, 19 patients participated in a pretreatment cue-reactivity protocol that concluded with a relaxation exercise. Measures included self-reported craving and skin conductance level (SCL). Post hoc exploratory analyses suggest that neither craving nor change in SCL in response to cocaine cues differentiated patients who subsequently achieved abstinence from those who did not. Craving following the relaxation procedure did differentiate the two groups: patients who subsequently initiated abstinence in treatment reported a reduction in cue-elicited craving to below baseline levels; craving reported by patients who did not successfully complete treatment remained elevated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Autogenic Training*
  • Cocaine*
  • Cues
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychotherapy
  • Substance-Related Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Cocaine