AH/PH domain-mediated interaction between Akt molecules and its potential role in Akt regulation

Mol Cell Biol. 1995 Apr;15(4):2304-10. doi: 10.1128/MCB.15.4.2304.


The cytoplasmic serine-threonine protein kinase coded for by the c-akt proto-oncogene features a protein kinase C-like catalytic domain and a unique NH2-terminal domain (AH domain). The AH domain is a member of a domain superfamily whose prototype was observed in pleckstrin (pleckstrin homology, or PH, domain). In this communication, we present evidence that the AH/PH domain is a domain of protein-protein interaction which mediates the formation of Akt protein complexes. The interaction between c-akt AH/PH domains is highly specific, as determined by the failure of this domain to bind AKT2. The AH/PH domain-mediated interactions depend on the integrity of the entire domain. Akt molecules with deletions of the NH2-terminal portion (amino acids 11 to 60) and AH/PH constructs with deletions of the C-terminal portion of this domain (amino acids 107 to 147) fail to interact with c-akt. To determine the significance of these findings, we carried out in vitro kinase assays using Akt immunoprecipitates from serum-starved and serum-starved, platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated NIH 3T3 cells. Addition of maltose-binding protein-AH/PH fusion recombinant protein, which is expected to bind Akt, to the immunoprecipitates from serum-starved cells induced the activation of the Akt kinase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt