Scopolamine induces recovery of shuttle box avoidance behavior after frontal cortex ablation

Behav Brain Res. 1994 Jun 30;62(2):135-41. doi: 10.1016/0166-4328(94)90020-5.


The learning and reversal of shuttle box active avoidance behavior in animals with a bilateral frontal cortex ablation was investigated during and after scopolamine or pilocarpine treatment. Scopolamine facilitated the performance of the avoidance task in normal animals and in those with frontal cortex lesions and also increased the number of intertrial responses, while pilocarpine increased the deleterious effects of the lesions. Furthermore, in the absence of scopolamine, the animals previously treated with the drug showed that its beneficial effects persisted while the number of intertrial responses were no longer increased. The results indicate that the beneficial effects of scopolamine treatment on active avoidance behavior are independent from the effects observed on intertrial activity since only the former are observed after drug withdrawal. Therefore, scopolamine treatment seems to induce a long lasting recovery process in frontal cortex ablated animals.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Avoidance Learning / drug effects*
  • Avoidance Learning / physiology
  • Brain Mapping
  • Dominance, Cerebral / drug effects
  • Dominance, Cerebral / physiology
  • Frontal Lobe / drug effects*
  • Frontal Lobe / physiology
  • Injections, Intraperitoneal
  • Male
  • Mental Recall / drug effects
  • Mental Recall / physiology
  • Nerve Regeneration / drug effects
  • Nerve Regeneration / physiology
  • Pilocarpine / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Reversal Learning / drug effects
  • Reversal Learning / physiology
  • Scopolamine / pharmacology*


  • Pilocarpine
  • Scopolamine