Potentiating effect of (2-[2-[(2-amino-1,6-dihydro-6-oxo-9H-purin-9-yl)methyl]-phenyl]ethenyl) -phosphonic acid (MDL 74,428), a potent inhibitor of purine nucleoside phosphorylase, on the antiretroviral activities of 2',3'-dideoxyinosine combined with ribavirin in mice

Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Jul 19;48(2):245-52. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(94)90094-9.


2',3'dideoxyinosine (ddI) has potent activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but is rapidly metabolized by erythrocytic purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP), and therefore has a very short plasma half-life in rodents, monkeys and in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is now reported that 100 microM (2-[2-[(2-amino-1,6-dihydro-6-oxo-9H-purin-9-yl)methyl]-phenyl]ethenyl) - phosphonic acid (MDL 74,428), a very potent inhibitor of PNP blocks the intracellular phosphorolysis of ddI in cultured human red blood cells, in T leukemic CEM lymphoblasts and prolongs ddI plasma effective concentration in mice at a dose of 250 mg/kg body weight given i.p. In MDL 74,428-treated CEM cells, despite marked reduction of ddI catabolism, neither further accumulation of ddATP, the active antiviral metabolite of ddI, nor potentiation of the activity of ddI against HIV cytopathogenicity is observed. MDL 74,428 does not also affect the inhibitory effect of ddI combined with ribavirin on the transformation in vitro of C3H/3T3 cells by Moloney murine sarcoma virus (MSV). In mice, on the contrary, MDL 74,428 (200 mg/kg body weight, i.p.) is effective at potentiating the effect of ribavirin used either alone, or combined with ddI on MSV-induced tumour formation and associated mortality. However, in the absence of ribavirin, co-administration of MDL 74,428 with ddI affords, no chemotherapeutic advantage.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • Antiviral Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antiviral Agents / pharmacology*
  • Cell Transformation, Viral / drug effects
  • Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral / drug effects
  • Didanosine / pharmacokinetics
  • Didanosine / pharmacology*
  • Drug Interactions
  • HIV-1 / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Moloney murine sarcoma virus / drug effects*
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / pharmacokinetics
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Pentosyltransferases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Purines / pharmacokinetics
  • Purines / pharmacology*
  • Ribavirin / pharmacology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antiviral Agents
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Purines
  • MDL 74428
  • Ribavirin
  • Pentosyltransferases
  • nucleoside phosphorylase
  • Didanosine