[Methodological studies of the estimation of loss of sodium, potassium,calcium and magnesium through the skin during a 10 km run]

Z Ernahrungswiss. 1993 Dec;32(4):301-7. doi: 10.1007/BF01611168.
[Article in German]


An estimation of the electrolytic losses through the skin was evaluated in a run over a distance of 10 km on a 400 m Tartan-trac. Na, K, Ca, and Mg excreted by the skin were collected in standardised clothing and thereafter washed out. The remaining electrolytes on the skin were collected by washing the body with deionized water. In addition, the concentrations of hormones and metabolites in blood before and after the race were ascertained. Mean ambiant temperature and relative humidity amounted to 21 degrees C and 35%, respectively. The mean performance was 40.5 min. and the average body weight loss was 1.45 kg. The only significant changes in the serum concentrations were the increases of free fatty acids and glycerol. This can be explained, together with a slight increase of glucose and a decrease of insulin, by a higher sympathoadrenergic activity. In the mean 20 mg calcium, 5 mg magnesium, 200 mg potassium, and 800 mg sodium were lost by the skin per kg body weight loss. Those amounts compared well with corresponding data found in literature. The described method can be proposed for further experiments.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Calcium / analysis
  • Calcium / blood
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
  • Glycerol / blood
  • Humans
  • Magnesium / analysis
  • Magnesium / blood
  • Magnesium / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Potassium / analysis
  • Potassium / blood
  • Potassium / metabolism*
  • Running*
  • Skin / metabolism*
  • Sodium / analysis
  • Sodium / blood
  • Sodium / metabolism*
  • Sweat / chemistry


  • Blood Glucose
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Sodium
  • Magnesium
  • Glycerol
  • Potassium
  • Calcium