Feline gingivitis-stomatitis-pharyngitis

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1993 Jan;23(1):139-53. doi: 10.1016/s0195-5616(93)50009-8.


Inflammatory conditions of the feline mouth are commonly encountered in small animal practice. Although the majority can be attributed to dental disease and a small percentage are due to autoimmune diseases, the eosinophilic granuloma complex, neoplasia, and other miscellaneous syndromes, many cases appear to be due to a gingivitis-stomatitis-pharyngitis complex, which is likely multifactorial in origin. Viruses, bacterial infection, diet, dental disease, oral conformation, genetic predisposition, hypersensitivities, immunoinsufficiencies, and other defects in oral defense mechanisms may all be contributory. The complexities of this syndrome have made it one of the most challenging diagnostic and therapeutic problems in feline medicine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Infections / veterinary
  • Cat Diseases* / etiology
  • Cats
  • Gingivitis / etiology
  • Gingivitis / veterinary*
  • Mouth Neoplasms / veterinary
  • Pharyngitis / etiology
  • Pharyngitis / veterinary*
  • Stomatitis / etiology
  • Stomatitis / veterinary*
  • Syndrome
  • Tooth Diseases / complications
  • Tooth Diseases / veterinary
  • Virus Diseases / veterinary