New identified 15 beta-hydroxylated 21-deoxy-pregnanes in congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 1993 May;45(5):421-34. doi: 10.1016/0960-0760(93)90011-k.


The identification of 3 new 15 beta-hydroxylated 21-deoxy-pregnanes in the urinary steroid profile of a 4-month-old girl with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) is reported here. These steroids were identified by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as 3 alpha,15 beta,17-trihydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one (5 alpha II), 3 alpha,15 beta,17,20 alpha-tetrahydroxy-5 alpha-pregnane, and 3 alpha,15 beta,17,20 alpha-tetrahydroxy-5 beta-pregnane (20 alpha DH-II). Two other compounds in the urine, 3 beta,15 beta,17- trihydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one and 3 beta,15 beta,17-trihydroxy-5 beta-pregnan-20-one were also characterized. The identification of the former 3 steroids was obtained by comparing their methylene unit values and mass spectral data with the corresponding data of the standard steroids synthesized from 15 beta,17-dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3,20-dione. Seven other synthesized and identified 15 beta-hydroxylated steroids were 3 alpha,15 beta,17-trihydroxy-5 beta-pregnan- 20-one (II), 3 alpha,15 beta,17,20 beta-tetrahydroxy-5 beta-pregnane, 15 beta,17-dihydroxy-5 alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione, 15 beta,17-dihydroxy-5 beta-pregnane-3,20-dione, 3 alpha,15 beta-dihydroxy-5 alpha-androstan-17-one (15 beta OH-An), 3 alpha,15 beta-dihydroxy-5 beta-androstan-17-one (15 beta OH-Et) and 3 alpha,15 beta,17,20 beta- tetrahydroxy-5 alpha-pregnane. Of these the latter two have not been reported previously. This study supports the findings that 15 beta-hydroxylated steroids are common in the neonate and could play an important role in the diagnosis of CAH due to 21OHD, where II and the newly identified steroids from this investigation viz., 5 alpha II and 20 alpha DH-II appear the most important 15 beta-hydroxysteroid markers for this disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital* / urine*
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Female
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Humans
  • Hydroxylation
  • Infant
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Pregnanes / urine*


  • Pregnanes