Measurement of differences in pO2 in response to perfluorocarbon/carbogen in FSa and NFSa murine fibrosarcomas with low-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance oximetry

Radiat Res. 1996 May;145(5):610-8.


We have used very low-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry to measure the change in oxygen concentration (delta pO2) due to change in breathing atmosphere in FSa and NFSa fibrosarcomas implanted in the legs of C3H mice infused with perfluoro-octylbromine (PFOB). Measurements in each tumor were made before and after the administration of the high-density (47% v/v) perfluorocarbon PFOB, perflubron (Alliance Pharmaceutical Corporation, San Diego, CA). Measurements in each tumor were also made, after the administration of the PFOB, both before (PFOB/air) and after the administration of carbogen (95% O2 + 5% CO2, PFOB/carbogen). Large changes (delta p02) relative to PFOB/air oxygenation were seen with the administration of PFOB/carbogen. No significant difference in oxygen concentration was seen between air-breathing mice with and without PFOB. The mean delta pO2 for FSa tumors was 13 +/- 6 torr, while the mean for NFSa fibrosarcomas was 28 +/- 7 torr. There were such large intertumor differences that the trend toward a smaller change in the more hypoxic FSa tumors was not significant (P = 0.13). This paper describes a novel method of measuring differences in oxygenation in tumor tissues. The results of such measurements indicate large differences in pO2 response to different breathing atmospheres in PFOB-infused tumors of similar histology. The intertumor delta pO2 differences may correlate with differences in radiation response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Carbon Dioxide / toxicity*
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Line
  • Cyclic N-Oxides
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy / methods
  • Female
  • Fibrosarcoma / metabolism*
  • Fibrosarcoma / pathology
  • Fluorocarbons / toxicity*
  • Humans
  • Hydrocarbons, Brominated
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Oximetry / methods
  • Oxygen / analysis*
  • Oxygen / toxicity*
  • Partial Pressure
  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents / toxicity*
  • Spin Labels
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Cyclic N-Oxides
  • Fluorocarbons
  • Hydrocarbons, Brominated
  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
  • Spin Labels
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • 3-carbamoyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-3-pyrroline-1-yloxyl
  • carbogen
  • perflubron
  • Oxygen