A dissociation between the ability to print and write cursively in lower-case letters

Cortex. 1996 Dec;32(4):737-45. doi: 10.1016/s0010-9452(96)80043-8.


This paper reports the case of a patient with a peripheral spelling impairment who is much more severely impaired at writing in lower-case letters than in upper-case letters. This pattern can be observed when writing both words and single letters of the alphabet. Despite this, his problems in writing lower-case letters are no longer present when he is writing cursively. This case therefore indicates that the ability to print letters in lower-case can be selectively impaired in the absence of similar problems in printing upper-case letters or in writing lower-case letters cursively. In terms of the model of writing put forward by Ellis (1982, 1988), this suggests that allographic level representations for print handwriting styles can be functionally dissociated from allographic representations for cursive styles.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Dissociative Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Form Perception / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Writing*