Ultratag RBC kit for combined cardiac first-pass and multigated acquisition studies

J Nucl Med Technol. 1997 Mar;25(1):44-8.


The authors developed a procedure to use the in vitro Ultratag (Mallinckrodt, St. Louis, MO) red blood cell (RBC) labeling kit for both first-pass (FP) and multigated acquisition (MUGA) studies with a high specific activity in a reduced volume (50 mCi/0.5 ml) and a high labeling efficiency that can be used with a single-crystal camera to yield a quality study.

Methods: A packed red blood cell (PRBC) bolus was created by two methods: (a) reducing the volume of the components of the Ultratag kit and (b) centrifuging the final dose volume. The labeling efficiency of each bolus was evaluated, each PRBC bolus was visually inspected for clots and percent hemolysis was assessed using a hemocytometer at 30 min, 1 hr and 2 hr postcentrifugation.

Results: Use of the first method, the 50% kit, provided the best results. However, the resulting volume from this kit only approached 1 ml, which is not clinically adequate for a first-pass study. In the second method, the total volume was centrifuged to form a PRBC bolus, which appeared to be stable in the syringe for at least 2 hr. A combined FP/MUGA study from a centrifuged 50% reduced kit was performed in one normal subject as a preliminary assessment of the clinical utility of this procedure. The image quality of the scan is diagnostically adequate.

Conclusion: By using the in vitro Ultratag kit, a compact PRBC bolus was created that was stable in the syringe and could be reinjected safely into the patient for combined cardiac FP/MUGA studies.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Coagulation
  • Centrifugation
  • Drug Stability
  • Erythrocytes*
  • Gamma Cameras
  • Gated Blood-Pool Imaging / methods*
  • Hemolysis
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement
  • Radiopharmaceuticals* / administration & dosage
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Syringes
  • Technetium Tc 99m Pyrophosphate / administration & dosage
  • Technetium* / administration & dosage
  • Tin Compounds / administration & dosage
  • Tin Polyphosphates / administration & dosage
  • Ventriculography, First-Pass / methods*


  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
  • Tin Compounds
  • Tin Polyphosphates
  • stannous chloride
  • technetium Tc 99m stannous pyrophosphate
  • Technetium Tc 99m Pyrophosphate
  • Technetium