[Neurocutaneous syndromes with vascular alterations]

Rev Neurol. 1997 Sep:25 Suppl 3:S250-8.
[Article in Spanish]


There are several syndromes in which neurological and cutaneous alterations of vascular origin, among other symptoms, occur. The key point of this fact is that these cutaneous signs permit early diagnosis, thus helping in further recognition of more complex syndromes and preventing unnecessary, harmful and costly diagnostic procedures or having to wait until the appearance of neurological signs. Therefore, these diseases should be classified attending to the most notorious vascular lesions they show, though they may show other less frequent cutaneous vascular lesions. In this way, these syndromes can be classified as associated with nevus flammeus (Sturge-Weber, Shapiro-Shulman, Bonnet-Dechaume-Blanc, Cobb, Klippel-Trenaunay, Fegeler, Robert), cavernous hemangiomas (Maffucci, blue-rubber-bleb-nevus, Proteus, Bannayan-Zonana, Riley-Smith, familial cavernous angiomatosis, POEMS syndrome), capillary hemangiomas (Rubinstein-Tayabi, Coffin-Siris, PHACE syndrome), telangiectasia (congenital telangiectatic cutis marmorata, Rendu-Osler-Weber, ataxia telangiectasia, Cockayne, De Sanctis-Cacchione), livedo reticularis (Sneddon, Divry-van-Bogaert), angioqueratoma (Fabry disease, Fucosidosis) and hemangioblastoma (Von Hippel-Lindau). Though we have tried that these vascular lesions should be named as angiomas if they are malformations and hemangiomas if they are benign neoplasias, they are called following morphological aspects rather than other criteria, due to their unknown origin.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms / complications
  • Facial Neoplasms / complications
  • Hemangioma / complications
  • Humans
  • Skin Diseases, Vascular / complications
  • Skin Diseases, Vascular / diagnosis*
  • Syndrome