Aeromonas popoffii sp. nov., a mesophilic bacterium isolated from drinking water production plants and reservoirs

Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997 Oct;47(4):1165-71. doi: 10.1099/00207713-47-4-1165.


We examined the taxonomic position of seven Aeromonas isolates, recovered from Flemish and Scottish drinking water production plants and reservoirs, which were previously recognized by numerical analysis of genomic AFLP fingerprints as members of an unknown Aeromonas taxon that most closely resembled the species Aeromonas bestiarum (DNA hybridization group [HG] 2). The new phenotypic and DNA-DNA hybridization data obtained in this study show that the A. bestiarum-like strains constitute a separate Aeromonas species, for which the name Aeromonas popoffii sp. nov. is being proposed. The new species exhibited an internal DNA relatedness ranging from 79 to 100% and was 22 to 63% related to the type or reference strains of other Aeromonas spp. The highest DNA binding values were determined with A. bestiarum (51 to 63%), followed by Aeromonas hydrophila sensu stricto (HG1; 50 to 60%) and Aeromonas salmonicida (HG3; 39 to 55%). Although fingerprints generated by ribotyping and cellular fatty acid analysis often were highly similar, minor differences between the respective fingerprints were of significance for the differentiation of A. popoffii from its closest taxonomic neighbors, HG1, HG2, and HG3. Phenotypically, all seven strains of A. popoffii were positive for acid and gas production from D-glucose and glycerol, growth in KCN broth, arginine dihydrolase, DNase, Voges-Proskauer reaction, and resistance to vibriostatic agent O/129 and ampicillin but displayed negative reactions for production of urease, tryptophan deaminase, ornithine decarboxylase, and lysine decarboxylase (LDC). None of the strains displayed strong hemolytic activity. The lack of D-sucrose fermentation and LDC production and the ability to utilize DL-lactate as the sole energy and carbon source were useful characteristics for the biochemical separation of A. popoffii from A. bestiarum. Other Aeromonas spp. could be differentiated phenotypically from the new species by at least two features. The chromosomal G+C content of A. popoffii ranges from 57.7 to 59.6 mol%. Strain LMG 17541 is proposed as the type strain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aeromonas / chemistry
  • Aeromonas / classification*
  • Aeromonas / genetics
  • Aeromonas / isolation & purification
  • Base Composition
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Culture Media / metabolism
  • DNA, Bacterial / analysis
  • DNA, Ribosomal / analysis
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phenotype
  • Water Microbiology*
  • Water Supply*


  • Culture Media
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • Fatty Acids