Thyroid disease in women

Med Clin North Am. 1998 Jan;82(1):103-25. doi: 10.1016/s0025-7125(05)70596-4.


Thyroid diseases occur more commonly in women than men, in part because of the autoimmune nature of many thyroid disorders. Hypothyroidism, and thyroid nodules occur frequently in both pre- and postmenopausal women. Pregnancy is also associated with changes in thyroid function. The goal of this article is to review the current information on the pathophysiology and treatment of thyroid disorders which are common in women.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chorionic Gonadotropin / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperthyroidism / etiology
  • Hyperthyroidism / physiopathology
  • Placenta / physiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications* / metabolism
  • Thyroid Diseases* / physiopathology
  • Thyroid Diseases* / therapy
  • Thyroid Nodule / diagnostic imaging
  • Thyroiditis / physiopathology
  • Ultrasonography


  • Chorionic Gonadotropin