The Caring Efficacy Scale: nurses' self-reports of caring in practice settings

Adv Pract Nurs Q. 1997 Summer;3(1):53-9.


The Caring Efficacy Scale (CES) assesses belief in one's ability to express a caring orientation and to develop caring relationships with clients or patients. This article describes the development of this Likert-type self-report scale to assess nurses' caring efficacy. It also discusses a preliminary reliability and validity study assessing the caring efficacy of novice and experienced nurses from three nursing programs: baccalaureate, nursing doctorate, and master's. The CES was found to have high internal consistency, and it possessed significant positive relationships with a measure of clinical competence.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Nurse-Patient Relations*
  • Nurses / psychology*
  • Nursing Care
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self-Assessment*